Villa Müller was designed by the Viennese architect Adolf Loos for František and Milada Müller who owned a construction company. Their daughter Eva sold the building to the city of Prague in 1995 and it has been a museum since 2000. When I visited the building in 2010, an architect on my tour said that as an architecture student in the 1960s, he had been taken to the house and had met Mrs Müller!
The exterior is startling, an uncompromising cube balanced on a slope. Many of the windows are small so the building looks inward, despite some grand views across Prague. The interior is complex and warm, contrasting the outside; it has a degree of artistry and finish that the blank exterior does not suggest. The flow of connecting rooms and their volumes – around every corner a surprise – shows Loos as an expert in human spaces.
Photographs of the interior where not permitted but you can see it on the Villa Müller website. The last photos below show a scale model of Villa Müller in the Veletržní Palác, the Trade Fair Palace, which despite the name is actually the museum of modern and contemporary art.
Werkbundseidlung Baba is a modernist housing estate established in a suburb of Prague during the 1930s. Each house was designed for a specific client, unlike the other Werkbundseidlung projects which were closer to the ideal of worker-housing.
Architects included Mart Stam, Pavel Janák and Ladislav Zák – the architectural website Archinform shows individual houses and their architects. One of the notable occupants at Baba was the great Czech designer Ladislav Sutnar whose house is shown below, overlooking Prague.
Baba is situated in a very beautiful location, perched on the edge of a hill, above a forest, overlooking Prague.
The Baba esttate during construction in the 1930s